Macnab AJ, Smith T, Gagnon FA, Macnab M. Effect of helmet wear on the incidence of head/face and cervical spine injuries in young skiers and snowboarders. Inj Prev. 2002;8:324–7.
Wang HW, Liu XW, Zhao YW, Ou L, Zhou Y, Li CQ, et al. Incidence and pattern of traumatic spinal fractures and associated spinal cord injury resulting from motor vehicle collisions in China over 11 years: An observational study. Medicine. 2016;95:e5220.
Yang R, Guo L, Huang L, Wang P, Tang Y, Ye JC, et al. Epidemiological characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury in Guangdong, China. Spine (Philos Pa 1976). 2017;42:E555–61.
Tator CH, Edmonds VE. Sports and recreation are a rising cause of spinal cord injury. Phys Sportsmed. 1986;14:156–67.
Dixon GS, Danesh JN, Caradoc-Davies TH. Epidemiology of spinal cord injury in New Zealand. Neuroepidemiology. 1993;12:88–95.
Mitchell J, Nunnerley J, Frampton C, Croot T, Patel A, Schouten R, et al. Epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury in New Zealand (2007-2016). N. Z Med J. 2020;133:47–57.
Pickett GE, Campos-Benitez M, Keller JL, Duggal N. Epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury in Canada. Spine (Philos Pa 1976). 2006;31:799–805.
Lenehan B, Street J, Kwon BK, Noonan V, Zhang HB, Fisher CG, et al. The epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury in British Columbia, Canada. Spine (Philos Pa 1976). 2012;37:321–9.
Yuan S, Shi Z, Cao F, Cao FJ, Li JH, Feng SQ, et al. Epidemiological features of spinal cord injury in China: A systematic review. Front Neurol. 2018;9:683.
Chan CW, Eng JJ, Tator CH, Krassioukov A. Epidemiology of sport-related spinal cord injuries: A systematic review. J Spinal Cord Med. 2016;39:255–64.
Hagen EM, Eide GE, Rekand T, Gilhus NE, Gronning M. A 50-year follow-up of the incidence of traumatic spinal cord injuries in Western Norway. Spinal Cord. 2010;48:313–8.
Boran S, Lenehan B, Street J, McCormack D, Poynton A. A 2011 A 10-year review of sports-related spinal injuries. Ir J Med Sci. 2011;180:859–63.
Ye C, Sun T, Li J, Zhang F. Pattern of sports- and recreation-related spinal cord injuries in Beijing. Spinal Cord. 2009;47:857–60.
Liu HW, Liu J, Shen MX, Yang XH, Du LJ, Yang ML, et al. The changing demographics of traumatic spinal cord injury in Beijing, China: a single-centre report of 2448 cases over 7 years. Spinal Cord. 2021;59:298–305.
Cheshire DJ. The paediatric syndrome of traumatic myelopathy without demonstrable vertebral injury. Paraplegia. 1977;15:74–85.
Riviello JJ, Marks HG, Faerber EN, Steg NL. Delayed cervical central cord syndrome after trivial trauma. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1990;6:113–7.
Yamaguchi S, Hida K, Akino M, Yano S, Saito H, Iwasaki Y. A case of pediatric thoracic SCIWORA following minor trauma. Childs Nerv Syst. 2002;18:241–3.
Tong A, Zhang J, Zhou H, Tang HH, Bai JZ, Wang FY, et al. Ischemic damage may play an important role in spinal cord injury during dancing. Spinal Cord. 2020;58:1310–6.
Pang D, Wilberger JJ. Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormalities in children. J Neurosurg. 1982;57:114–29.
Moore BJ, Batterson AM, Luetmer MT, Reeves RK. Fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy: demographics, clinical presentation, and functional outcomes. Spinal Cord. 2018;56:1144–50.
Pang D. Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality in children, 2 decades later. Neurosurgery. 2004;55:1325–42. discussion 1342–1343
Kwon BK, Tetzlaff W, Grauer JN, Beiner J, Vaccaro AR. Pathophysiology and pharmacologic treatment of acute spinal cord injury. Spine J. 2004;4:451–64.
DeVivo MJ, Sekar P. Prevention of spinal cord injuries that occur in swimming pools. Spinal Cord. 1997;35:509–15.
Perrine MW, Mundt JC, Weiner RI. When alcohol and water don’t mix: diving under the influence. J Stud Alcohol. 1994;55:517–24.
Wakahara K, Matsumoto K, Sumi H, Sumi Y, Shimizu K. Traumatic spinal cord injuries from snowboarding. Am J Sports Med. 2006;34:1670–4.
Katoh S, Shingu H, Ikata T, Iwatsubo E. Sports-related spinal cord injury in Japan (from the nationwide spinal cord injury registry between 1990 and 1992). Spinal Cord. 1996;34:416–21.
Banerjee R, Palumbo MA, Fadale PD. Catastrophic cervical spine injuries in the collision sport athlete, part 1: epidemiology, functional anatomy, and diagnosis. Am J Sports Med. 2004;32:1077–87.
Schulze W, Richter J, Schulze B, Esenwein SA, Büttner-Janz K. Injury prophylaxis in paragliding. Br J Sports Med. 2002;36:365–9.
Lin CY, Wright J, Bushnik T, Shem K. Traumatic spinal cord injuries in horseback riding: a 35-year review. Am J Sports Med. 2011;39:2441–6.